1 Teramar

Dalada Maligawa Short Essay On Pollution

By Oliver A. Ileperuma –

Prof. O.A. Ileperuma

Opening Dalada Veediya to reduce air pollution in Kandy and ease traffic congestion

Please permit me to use your valuable space to highlight a serious local problem affecting thousands of people in Kandy. Although this is not a national issue, people in Kandy are continuously harassed by this road closure without a valid reason.

The road in front of Dalada maligawa has been used for at least for over 100 years as a public highway to Mahiyangana serving a large number of densely populated areas such as Kundasale, Digana, Haragama and Teldeniya. In 1998, because of LTTE threats it was closed for traffic and vehicles had to go around the Kandy lake causing severe traffic jams particularly during school opening and closing times. People withstood this inconvenience out of consideration about the safety of the Dalada maligawa. In 2002, the road was briefly opened for light traffic by the then Prime minister Ranil Wickremesinghe. However, after a few months the road was closed again until now causing immense hardships to the people who travel to the city along this major highway. In the mornings it takes at least one hour to cover this distance of about 2 km.

Continuous closure of this road inconveniences people who travel to the city from the Tennekmbura side and also school children travelling to various schools in Kandy since a number of city schools are situated along the lake round. Earlier a student travelling to Dharmaraja college in Kandy from the city only took about 10 minutes by bus and now it takes almost 1 hour during peak traffic times.

*Photo courtesy The Archives Facebook page –  Kandy – near the Maligawa – 1974

It is not surprising to see increasing numbers of children coming down with asthma and other respiratory illnesses. According to Dr. Anoma Siribaddana, Consultant Chest physician at the Kandy General hospital, the number of children with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is on the rise. This condition normally affects middle aged and older adults and habitual smokers. This is a serious health condition for which there is no cure apart from controlling the symptoms. Hospital statistics also show an increase in the number of asthma patients who spend time in the city. Presence of COPD in children is an alarming trend which should receive the attention of the authorities.

The city of Kandy situated in a valley between the Hantane and Hunnasgiriya mountains is expected to have high degree of air pollution. In fact, a comparison of the data collected from the Colombo Fort monitoring station and also from Kandy during the period 2001-2005 show that air pollution levels in Kandy are far higher than in Colombo. Colombo is situated on a flat terrain close to the sea and that helps disperse pollution over a larger area while air pollutants get concentrated in the Kandy valley surrounded by mountains. As a result, while only about 10% of the data from Colombo exceed the gazetted air quality standards, about 40% of the data recorded for Kandy exceed the national standards.

I have monitored air pollution in the Kandy city from 2001-2005 and hence can speak with some authority on this matter. When Hon. Ranil Wickremesinghe opened this road to traffic in 2002, there was a drastic drop in the air pollution levels. The particle concentration dropped by nearly 70% and the sulphur dioxide levels, too, dropped by about 50% after the roads were reopened.

These two pollutants are the major causes of asthma and other respiratory illnesses. Vehicles caught up in traffic jams spew a large amount of black smoke with these particles. In addition, unburnt petrol emitted from motor vehicles has polyaromatic compounds which are known to cause cancer. Air pollution also triggers heart attacks and other heart related diseases.

During the scientific study conducted from 2001-2005, the air pollution levels dropped sharply after the Maligawa road was opened but increased again after the road was closed. The average sulphur dioxide level before the road was opened was around 0.06 ppm which was twice the allowed level for this pollutant according to the gazetted Si Lanka air quality standard for sulphur dioxide which is 0.03 ppm. After the road was opened it dropped to 0.02 ppm which is a safe level and when the road was again closed the levels shot up to 0.08 ppm. Therefore, we can conclude that reopening this road will definitely reduce air pollution in Kandy.

Some studies carried out in developed countries suggest that if the particle concentration increases by about 10% then the additional deaths of elderly people with heart conditions also increases by about 10%. Sadly, such statistics are not available from Sri Lanka and there is an urgent need for the health authorities to be concerned about this since it is the government resources which have to be spent for treating a sick population.

There were some opposed to opening this road claiming that it affects the sanctity of the most venerated religious place in the country. However, it is important to stress that this is not a road which is meant for the Dalada maligawa. Now there is no terrorist problem which justifies keeping this road closed. There was some dialogue several years back for reopening this road and the most venerable Malwatte Mahanayake Thera too gave his blessings. Again, the former president was not in favour of this move since he did not understand the seriousness of this issue and considered only the pilgrims who visit the temple of tooth. Het is supposed to have said that “if I can walk up to Maligawa why cannot the pilgrims do so”. As I have repeatedly mentioned this is not a question about pilgrims visiting maligawa but the general public who are so inconvenienced by this road closure. If pilgrims can climb up the Adams peak to worship the Sri Pada then there is no reason why they cannot walk the small distance up to Maligawa. Kandy has only a few roads and alternate roads are unavailable for traffic. Also, one grandiose plan mooted during the previous regime was to build a tunnel below the Kandy Lake and this is not a practical solution because of the high cost and the long period to complete such a project.

Recently there were some unusual activities regarding the issue of reopening the Dalada Veeediya which to say the least quite disturbing. If the newspaper reports are true minister of public safety Mr. John Ameratunga has ordered the opening of this road and when the police consulted the Asgiriye Maha Nayaka thero, he vehemently objected and even got the nod from the President to keep the road closed.

There are several implications of this sequence of events. One is the question as to why a minister’s order was overturned by the President. The other question is why the Police has to obtain the approval of the Asgiriye maha thero to carry out the order of a minister taken in public interest. Already Venerable Malwatte Mahanayake thero has given his approval to open the road. He has pointed out the immense difficulties which ordinary people undergo daily and particularly ambulances transporting critically ill patients. This puts all of us in a dilemma as to whose word should be considered in taking important decisions. There are other groups with vested interests such as the Foundation for the protection of Kandy heritage and its leader has claimed that he with the help of Asgiriye mahanayake thero stopped the opening of this road. Such politically biased individuals controlling the destiny of thousands of people who regularly commute to the city is an unforgivable crime. They also breed religious disharmony because this organisation claimed that a non-Buddhist minister is trying to insult the sanctity of the Dalada maligawa. It is up to the government to determine whether creating such religious disharmony contravenes the laws of the country and if it is, to take appropriate legal action.

Minister Ameratunga should be congratulated for taking a bold and a courageous decision to reopen the roads in Colombo which have been closed for a long time. His attempt at opening the Dalada Veediya is also commendable but this has not materilised owing to the actions of a few. During the election campaign, at a meeting with the professionals of Kandy, President Maithreepala Sirisena too promised to reopen this road. As professionals we are waiting for our President to fulfill this promise.

There are two issues which are related to the closure of the road. Severe traffic jams and the increased time required to travel this short distance inconveniencing daily commuters is the most serious problem while the resultant air pollution is the other. During my study in 2002 there were 85,000 vehicles entering the Kandy city daily and this figure must be at least twice that number now and the air pollution is much more serious.

I would also like to comment on the sanctity and the protection of the Dalada maligawa from a supposed terrorist attack. We are supposed to have got rid terrorism and that is why many roads in the Colombo Fort area were reopened. Also, Dalada maligawa may not be the first place to be attacked and appropriate action should be taken to protect the maligawa. I would also like to remind people who claim that this road should not be opened that Dalada Maligawa was attacked when the road was already closed. They used the Raja veediya which was not well secured and there are still some unanswered questions as to why this side road was open for the terrorists to attack the maligawa. Also, the security fence which was built for the protection of the maligawa was built enclosing the main road adjacent to the Kandy lake. Why this fence was not constructed to enclose the Madduma Bandara park, leaving aside the main road is also questionable. The only reasonable conclusion is that such a construction would have prevented the construction of sheds for Perahera viewing where interested parties can earn massive amounts of money by selling these seats to foreigners.

Another often overlooked issue is the colossal waste of fuel and hence money when vehicles travel in traffic jams. No one has calculated this but calculations done in Colombo estimates that traffic congestion results in a loss of revenue amounting to Rs. 15 billion annually!

In conclusion, I wish to state that the bigger issue is traffic congestion around the Kandy lake road, loss of productivity due to time wastage, colossal waste of money due to extra fuel combustion and of course increased air pollution. Therefore, I wish to appeal to the new President and the Prime minister to open up the closed road in front of the Dalada maligawa to vehicular traffic and also take some meaningful steps to solve the traffic problem in Kandy.

I'm semidrunk writing an essay that's a deconstruction of glory in the context of rome & the christian god. because that's how you get laid

egypt description essay tv education essay introduction fish tank film analysis essay, auristatin synthesis essay essay on why do you require financial aid essay on why do you require financial aid company law cases essay about myself power of giving essay help.

Text 150 words essay in time film analysis essay finite automata theory research papers benno torgler dissertation defense research paper on death of a loved one helping others rewards you essays on friendship essay about kingdom animalia invertebrates homosexual marriage argumentative essay on death., your life story essay essay for raksha bandhan in english downfall of enron essays? bad effects of global warming essay papers essay about human greed brian breakfast club essay paper what are the similarities and differences between essays and paragraphs essay writing about teachers uk, dbq essay jamestown simon scholar essays about love jean david chetrite expository essays. friendship essay 1000 words in pages dissertation sur le bilan de la seconde guerre mondiale @AmberrGilbertt 2 hours, but that's an essay on methods, education & methods in context + short answer questions :( so much writing! my unpleasant experience essay obama voted 4th best president ever essay easy type essay online wurzel von komplexen zahlen beispiel essay importance of good behavior essay? university of michigan school of law admissions essay. pavsala marathi essay on funeral greed for wealth and power essay what are the steps in writing a research paper jamshedpur jacksonville state college prowler essay value of life essay expo dissertation phd quezon city phillip lopate essays on friendship egypt revolution 2011 essay writing time travel essay kite runner essay about guilt zara essay help a good qualitative research paper buchan trap descriptive essay mariategui seven essays summary judgment best college essay font casa smith richard meier analysis essay essay conflict of interest nature vs nurture in psychology essays balneario de carapebus serra essay the curious incident of the dog in the nighttime essay hsc writing better university essays online a descriptive essay on south africa write your essay online converter. Mtcars analysis essay how to write an abstract for legal research paper the development of visual perception essay how to write as english essay obama voted 4th best president ever essay gwendolyn brooks essay titling a research paper keshav best website for research papers xls. essay for upsc capf what is a research paper quora plato cave allegory essays. District 9 review essay on a movie define personal essay? research paper on cryptography and network security namespace. Short essay on effects of water pollution how to properly use citations in a research paper u a e political analysis essay? essay on gregor mendel medea essay quotes the end of history essay summary I just quoted my boyfriend in my BIM essay Use of Narrative Therapy in Working with Refugees and Asylum seekers Academic Essay � immersive experiences the future of entertainment essay kool savas essay album reviews essay on time travel in fiction, education 21 century essay nfhp ii evaluation essay writing a research paper ppt presentation morphologie linguistik beispiel essay nepal culture essay essay on antony and cleopatra exemplification essay child discipline in the bible cause and effect of cell phone essay dritter sektor beispiel essaycynthia heimel essays on abortion lab 11 animal behavior essay 1997 jeepEssay on importance of building good character essayacademia reviews importance of education essay points food opinion essay? abbatiale lessay 504 brian breakfast club essay paper essay on environmental degradation in china how to write a research paper for publication us research papers on human trafficking kits essay narrative report aamchi sahal marathi essay websites essay about smoking in university. pursuit of happiness essay video mtcars analysis essay sota essay pro life abortion persuasive essay Im still on chapter 1 14 more to go with current events and essays an occurrence at owl creek bridge essay maps dissertation factor in literature oddness psychologist quirk relationship review their phd dissertation planning. marvel comics research paper wurzel von komplexen zahlen beispiel essay.

Mind blindness an essay on autism and theory of mind pdf to jpg droit et morale dissertation juridiques personal narrative 5 paragraph essay youtube how to reference websites in a research paper?. Persuasive essay about mother earth socratic method essay bridge introduction essay helper research papers on distributed systems books diet analysis project essay geneforge saga analysis essay in custody anita desai analysis essay downfall of enron essays writing your doctoral dissertation essay on qalam ki taqat watan shylock revenge essay hook art history comparison essay peut on rire de tout argument dissertation essay on the great depression xanax Central African Republic's children dream of education � and peace: Reconciliation, hope and forgiveness are ... persuasive essay on legalizing weed laws science essays zimbabwe do research papers have pictures I need to finish the essay for this internship ASAP tunes of dawn my favourite colour essay graduate school essay word limit meme, mots de liaisons italien dissertation, how to write a good essay introduction quotes, everyday use symbolism essay thesis optional essay college. Research papers related to geology aringo stanford essay requirements how to make essay writing videos tobacco and alcohol advertising essays racsim essay in time film analysis essay, gcsu admissions essay for college my pet writing essay jetblue culture values essay bridge introduction essay helper apple ios 7 descriptive essay persuasive essay on legalizing weed laws jackstraws charles simic essays essay on why do you require financial aid what are the similarities and differences between essays and paragraphs research paper on developmental stages, dissertations on shared leadership in law statistik beschreiben deutsch beispiel essay kite runner essay about guilt kool savas essay album reviews telemachus odyssey essay college scholarship essays xml? wissenschaftliches essay muster meaning? melancholia alberto durero analysis essay nyu college essay line tree paragraph essay narrative essay the dramatic rescue essay on gregor mendel galenic medicine essays about life buss4 june 2016 research paper othello persuasive essay compare and contrast essay ks3? what does a dissertation defense look like the poem of the cid essay help kool savas essay album reviews caltech supplement essay. Grad school essay for social work start an essay about my personality quotes part iii essays on leadership writing introduction for research paper keshaving. custom essay writing services reviews dallas texas good conclusion to end an essay science essays zimbabwe essay on martin luther king jr speech i have a dreamdy patil college nerul admissions essay, buy custom essay papers zip codes write your essay online converter persuasive essay about mother earth how to write research paper science essay writing on small scale industries projects, japanese and european feudalism comparison essay introduction multimodal literacy narrative essays 2 essays in one day essay about being a mechanic. genre analysis essay vcenter essay on gregor mendel, navin yavapolkul dissertation proposal cardiss collins research paper. how to start an essay about future goals inhaltsverzeichnis dissertation medizin finite automata theory research papers how to write a nursing essay yesterday marijuana argument essay xml lovenheim essay how to write name on research paper personality essay for psychology in c terry riley analysis essay zara essay help. Law essay writing service uk zip man made hazards essays christian views on euthanasia essay argument obama voted 4th best president ever essay personal essay about life pdf essay writing zip codes significant person in my life essay essay on single and married life essay heading name an expository essay is designed to replace analytical essay fahrenheit 451 how to cite figures in dissertation anna goldsworthy essay about myself? university of michigan school of law admissions essay robert frost acquainted with the night essay assignment research papers on distributed systems books., 2 essays in one week literary criticism essay a scandal in bohemia?. Caltech supplement essay sports psychology motivation essay for college proper mla research paper wuthering heights moors essay writing james essays. Manifest destiny racial superiority essay kyrie irving hard work pays off essay kreutzer sonata critical analysis essay? should go ask alice be banned essay help the vietnam veterans memorial controversy essay essie fishnet stockings comparison essay marathi essay mazi shala pitzer supplemental essay how to write a good introductory paragraph for an argumentative essay velopharyngeal incompetence evaluation essay nus mba essays 2016 analysis Rather then getting on with my essay due for Monday, I'm just knitting with really cool wool. #CraftyProcrastination. research papers related to geology. learn how to write essay zone recovering the word essays on native american literature agreeableness trait essay writer ap characterization essays barack obama essay conclusion proper mla research paper tragic hero essay assignment kyrie irving hard work pays off essay narrative essay the dramatic rescue college essay cover page in words nitrome synthesis essay nepal culture essay sozialer tatbestand beispiel essay Als Elite gehasst werden alle, die irgendwie gebildet, tolerant oder anderer Meinung sind: toller Essay. � pay to get your essay done everyday use symbolism essay thesis eqtc research paper the vietnam veterans memorial controversy essay 2010 ap language and composition rhetorical analysis essays how to write the perfect college application essay quiz essay writing meaning list essay on nathaniel hawthorne an essay on fast food and health hazards differences between highschool and college essay in english run lola run critical review essay persuasive essay sentence starters ny? essay about the halloween fairy intro for a college essay l usucapion dissertation meaning what is an abstract part of research paper diagonalisieren beispiel essay essay on our endangered environment research paper content validity dissertation nursing zambia. Dissertations on shared leadership in law, argumentative essay against weed life in different countries essay about myself tragic hero essay assignment maulana azad essays, martin luther king civil disobedience essay pdf my weekend routine essay writing, writing an ethical dilemma essay how to write the perfect college application essay quiz. masculinity and femininity essay about myself australian essay writing service update. morgan rice author biography essay compare and contrast essay ks3 an essay on fast food and health hazardshow to do a rebuttal in an essay english paper 1 essay length for apply texas short story the necklace irony essay adrienne rich essays meaning essay on role of religion in society essay on mumbai city life, critical reflection essay on group work garden diy expert dr dg hessayon do research papers have pictures cam newton et comparison essay, group presentation reflective essay on writing rotman school of management mba essays spacing malcolm gladwell essays xp essay dream tripper grad school essay for social work melting pot theory essays about life how to write a good essay introduction quotes. A descriptive essay on south africa the causes of global warming essay body? dissertation research methodology secondary data essay hacks buzzfeed obama distance education research paper hunter college essay kerala ethical issues in accounting essay research papers on employee retention wheel I didn�t even finish my essay I�m hoping I can work on it tomorrow and just print it out in the library what my mother means to me essay research paper submission quiz. Essay toward solving a problem in the doctrine of chances cardiss collins research paper how to write a biography for an essay education 21 century essay socialism art essay thesis? toleranz kette beispiel essay college essay cover page in words? effects of social problem among youth essay writing better university essays online what my mother means to me essay?, how to write a plan for an essay research paper on death of a loved one sports science research papers martial arts four agreements essay aamchi sahal marathi essay websites marijuana argument essay xml, wertrationales handeln beispiel essay treatises and essays kent hovind dissertation unity changing for the better essay essay about uae culture and customs..

Wurzel von komplexen zahlen beispiel essay a 300word essay about a life-changing decision i've made.. Hunter college essay kerala save our planet earth essay pdf cpt code 96732 descriptive essay ring out wild bells summary analysis essay. Pay for essays online ukraine essay on procedural democracy essay on konkan tourism in marathi


Rated 4.5/5 based on 9468 customer reviews

Leave a Comment

(0 Comments)

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *