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New Catholic Encyclopedia Bibliography Example

"New material, especially about the controversial topics of gender and reproduction, has been added. Older articles have been revised, or their bibliographies updated... The scope of this edition is, in fact, impressively broad... Recent news about sexual abuse by members of the clergy is not mentioned, no doubt because of inevitable delays in publishing so large a reference set... Highly recommended." -- Choice (March 2003)

— Choice

"Incorporating and updating articles from the 1967 set and the four supplements.., this new edition is the standard reference book for all questions Catholic. Within its 15 volumes are excellent articles on theolgy, church history, and canon law; and thoughtful discusssions on other religions, other forms of Christianity, and such topics as "Anarchism," "Poverty," and "Prostitution"... The writing is always clear and, most of the time, quite engaging; black-and-white reproductions are scattered throughout. Numerous articles have been added; some have been eliminated, such as "Pluralism, Political" and, sadly, "Poetry." In addition, some of the supplement entries have not made it into this edition, including one on "Pedophilia." ...However, despite any quibbling about such quotidian mysteries (and quibbling it is-since the set still gazes unblinkingly at the church's many darker hours, including the Inquisition and the persectuion of the Huguenots), this is a great encyclopedia." -- School Library Journal (Febraury 2003)

— School Library Journal

"...lay Catholic Thomas Carson, who shepherded the encyclopedia at Gale, takes pride in the production. 'This is beyond a book to me,' he said. 'This is a big part of my life. They can bury me with a copy." -- Newsday.com (February 21, 2003)

— Choice

"The final volume of the second edition, containing the index, appeared about six weeks after the fourteen text volumes. The index, printed in triple columns in a highly readable typeface, is very workmanlike, referring to main articles and to names and topics within articles. Volume-page references to main articles are printed in boldface. The index greatly increases the usefulness of the set. Essential. All collections." -- Choice (May 2003)

— Choice

"Published jointly by the Catholic University of America and the Gale Group, this 15-volume reference is a monumental success, destined to be the single comprehensive reference resource on Catholicism...With extensive cross references, a readable two-column layout, and a sturdy binding that will last another 40 years, the encyclopedia is recommended for all libraries." -- Library Journal (December 2002)

— Library Journal

"...this 15-volume reference is a monumental success, destined to be the single comprehensive reference resource on Catholicism..." -- Library Journal (December 2002)

— Library Journal

"... In addition to matters Christian in general and Roman Catholic in particular, this second edition offers Catholic thought on more universal subjects such as democracy, justice, and the self. For this reason alone, academic, public, and many highschool libraries should acquire it." -- Booklist (January 2003)

— Booklist

"...will serve as a prominent reference source in Catholic studies as well as religious studies in general. Certainly large university libraries should consider its purchase as well as larger public libraries." -- ARBA (2003)


"The Catholic world is not the same as it was in 1967 when the first edition of the New Catholic Encyclopedia was published. Since then, liturgical changes instituted by the Second Vatican Council have swept through Catholic churches, scriptural scholarship has expanded and canon law has been revised. So when editors considered revising the New Catholic Encyclopedia, published this September by The Catholic University of America Press and the Gale Group, they had to consider not only basic changes in the church but also new biographies of deceased Catholics, newly canonized saints, changes in women's roles, Pope John Paul II"s extensive travels and developments in other religions." -- The Michigan Catholic (November 2002)

— Michigan Catholic, The


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A legal act through which a person, by mandate of the judge, is called before the tribunal for trial. It is called verbal when the judge sends an apparitor to the accused to call him to judgment on a fixed day. If the citation be made by a public summons it is called edictal. When a person has been arrested by the officers of the law his citation is said to be real. Citations are also distinguished into simple and peremptory. The former is had when the judge orders a person to appear on a determined day before his tribunal, but does not add a threat nor declare that a prolongation of the time will not be allowed; the latter, or peremptory citation is that which imposes a strict obligation to appear and declares that no later summons will be issued, so that if the person cited does not obey this one, he will be considered contumacious. Real citation is had recourse to, when the accused is suspected of meditating flight or is contumacious; edictal citation, when the defendant can be reached in no other way; peremptory citation only under extraordinary circumstances. A peremptory citation is held to be the equivalent in effect to three simple citations. In a judicial process, a citation is ordinarily so necessary that if it be omitted, every other act of the trial is null and void. There are some exceptions to this, as, for example, if a person be taken red-handed, or when the accused is already before the tribunal, or when there is danger in delay. There are many requisites for a legitimate citation, as that it be asked for by one party to the suit, that it contain the names of plaintiff and defendant, the cause of the summons, the day and place of judgment and so forth. When a certain judge has issued a valid citation, the case must be tried before him, even though other judges would have been competent. If the citation be not couched in the prescribed legal style, or if it be issued for one beyond the court's jurisdiction, it may be disregarded. When the plaintiff is contumacious, he may be condemned to pronounced without him. Contumacity on the part of the defendant creates a presumption of his guilt, and in a real action puts the other party in temporary possession of the disputed object.

About this page

APA citation.Fanning, W.(1908).Citation. In The Catholic Encyclopedia.New York: Robert Appleton Company.http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03791a.htm

MLA citation.Fanning, William."Citation."The Catholic Encyclopedia.Vol. 3.New York: Robert Appleton Company,1908.<http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03791a.htm>.

Transcription.This article was transcribed for New Advent by Joseph P. Thomas.

Ecclesiastical approbation.Nihil Obstat. November 1, 1908. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor.Imprimatur. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York.

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