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Springer Lncs Bibliography Style Guide

For your convenience, we have summarized in the "Author Guidelines" document how a proceedings paper should be structured, how elements (headings, figures, references) should be formatted using our predefined styles, etc. We also give some insight on how your paper will be typeset at Springer. The PDF of the Authors Guidelines can be downloaded here or as part of the zip files containing the complete sets of instructions and templates for the different text preparation systems.

Springer has developed LaTeX style files and Word templates to help you prepare your paper. LaTeX is the preferred format (especially for texts containing several formulae), but Word templates are also available.

Access to your published paper

If the conference organizers opt for 4-week free access to the volume on SpringerLink, then participants are able to access all papers via the conference website during this period (usually around the time of the conference).

Conference organizers may also purchase printed books and/or USB-sticks containing navigable content for distribution amongst the participants.

If you have included your email address in the header of your paper, you will receive an email from Springer (roughly four weeks after publication of the volume) linking you to your personal “My Springer” page. From here, you will be able to download the pdf of the entire volume. You will find more details here. If the email address in the header is a life-long address, then Springer will be able to make all your publications accessible from one page.

Springer’s policy on content sharing is given on the following page: http://www.springer.com/gp/springernature/landing/content-sharing

Inserting your ORCID

Springer is the first publisher to implement the ORCID identifier for proceedings, ultimately providing authors with a digital identifier that distinguishes them from every other researcher. ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) hosts a registry of unique researcher identifiers and a transparent method of linking research activities to these identifiers. This is achieved through embedding ORCID identifiers in key workflows, such as research profile maintenance, manuscript submissions, grant applications and patent applications. Apply for an individual ORCID at www.orcid.org and include it in the header of your paper.

Publishing Ethics

If figures, tables, animations or text quotations from copyrighted works (including websites) are included in your paper, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder (usually the original publisher) and the author(s) for both the print and the online format. Please take a look at the following page for more details: http://www.springer.com/de/authors-editors/book-authors-editors/book-authors-helpdesk/rights-permissions-and-licensing/19392.

Self-plagiarism, duplicate submissions and “salami publishing” are not acceptable. Kindly refer to the following page for guidelines on publishing ethics, conflict- of-interest statements, and more.

If you wish to extend your Springer Computer Science proceedings paper for publication as a journal article, the following principles must be followed: a) the extended version has to include at least 30% new material; b) it has to cite the original publication and c) it must include an explicit statement about the increment (e.g., new results, better description of materials, etc.).

Copyright form

Each contribution must be accompanied by a Springer copyright form, a so-called 'Consent to Publish' form. Modified forms are not acceptable. Authors will be asked to transfer the copyright of the paper to Springer. This will ensure the widest possible protection and dissemination of information under copyright laws. One author may sign on behalf of all of the authors of a particular paper. In this case, the author signs for and accepts responsibility for releasing the material on behalf of any and all co-authors.

A prefilled copyright form is usually made available to authors by the volume editor. In the case of a proceedings volume, it can often be downloaded form the conference website.


Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format before their paper is submitted to Springer.

CS Proceedings and other multi-author volumes - using LaTeX2e

We recommend the use of LaTeX2e for the preparation of your camera-ready manuscript, together with the corresponding Springer class file.
llncs2e.zip contains:

  • (i) llncs.cls, Springer class file;
  • (ii) llncs.dem, sample input file, you can use it as a source for your own input;
  • (iii) llncs.doc (actually a TeX file), the documentation of the class, with detailed instructions on how the macro package works;
  • (iv) llncs.dvi, DVI resulting out of llncs.doc.

Download llncs2e.zip

CS Proceedings and other multi-author volumes - using LaTeX

We also provide the LaTeX2e source file of an older version of the "Authors' Instructions," which may serve as a further sample input. typeinst.zip contains a separate LaTeX file for the text and EPS file for the figures.
Download typeinst.zip

CS Proceedings and other multi-author volumes - using Microsoft Word

Our template for Microsoft Word is: "splnproc1703.dotm". Please read the explanatory typing instructions "SPLNPROC Word 2010-2016 Technical Instructions.pdf" contained in the ZIP archive carefully.

Download splnproc1703.dotm

Word 2003 template for the preparation of CS proceeding papers

A document template has been prepared by Springer for use with Word 2003. Predefined style formats are available for all the types of content that are part of a computer science proceedings paper, and these formats can be easily accessed via special toolbars.

The downloadable zip archive contains:

  • A pdf of the general guidelines for authors of computer science proceedings papers;
  • A pdf of the instructions explaining how to work with the Word 2003 template;
  • The Word 2003 template svlnproc1104.dot.

Information for volume editors

If you would like to know more about the tasks of the volume editors, please take a look at the information for editors of Springer computer science proceedings.

I'm discovering the Lecture Note in Computer Science (LNCS) LATEX template, and I'm in trouble with their bibliography system.

When reading their documentation and example, it appears that I only have to :

1) Create a thebibliography bloc and put in references using bibitem

2) Cite the references in the content of the document.

So let's take a simple example :

It looks like the example given in the demonstration file "llncs.dem" provided with the template, but this code fail to produce a citation. Is a package missing ? Am I totally wrong ? I do not understand why LATEX do not succeed to reference it.

I tried different commands there is the results :

[PDFLATEX]: Citation 'Ser:thesis' on page 1 undefined on input line 25.

[LATEX]: Citation 'Ser:thesis' on page 1 undefined on input line 25.

[BIBTEX]: Finished with exit code 2

Whatever I try I still only obtain a PDF containing : "It would rocks if I succed in citing [?] !"

If someone can explain how to obtain a citation that works it would be appreciated!

Thanks in advance, Vaisse Arthur.

NB : I already saw the answer at Question mark or bold citation key instead of citation number but as BIBTEX fail, calling LATEX then BIBTEX then LATEX again do not solve my problem.


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