1 Tugami

Russia Seeks Several Military Bases Abroad Assignment

This is a list of countries with military bases abroad. The establishment of military bases abroad enable a country to project power, e.g. to conduct expeditionary warfare, and thereby influence events abroad. Depending on their size and infrastructure, they can be used as staging areas or for logistical, communications and/or intelligence support. Many conflicts throughout modern history have resulted in overseas military bases being established in large numbers by world powers, and the existence of bases abroad has served countries having them in achieving political and military goals. The British Empire and other colonial powers established overseas military bases in many of their colonies during the First and Second World Wars, where useful, and actively sought rights to facilities where needed for strategic reasons. At one time, establishing coaling stations for naval ships was important. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union established military bases where they could within their respective spheres of influence, and actively sought influence where needed. More recently, the War on Terror has resulted in overseas military bases being established in the Middle East.

Whilst the overall number of overseas military bases has fallen since 1945, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States still possess a substantial number. Smaller numbers of overseas military bases are operated by India, Italy, Japan and Turkey.

The United States is the largest operator of military bases abroad, with 38 "named bases"[note 1] having active duty, national guard/reserve, and/or civilian personnel as of September 30, 2014. Its largest, in terms of personnel, was Ramstein AB, in Germany, with almost 9,200 personnel.[1][note 2]

China

Germany

France

Main article: Overseas military bases of France

India

Italy

Japan

Russia

Main article: List of Russian military bases abroad

Turkey

United Kingdom

Main article: Overseas military bases of the United Kingdom

United States

Main article: List of United States military bases

See also

Notes

  1. ↑ What are here termed "named bases" are the bases listed in section X: "Personnel Data from DMDC", i.e. excluding that table's rows labelled "Other", in the 2015 DoD Base Structure Report.
  2. ↑ The 2015 U.S. Base Structure Report gives 587 overseas sites, but sites are merely real property at a distinct geographical location, and multiple sites may belong to one installation (page DoD-3). For example, the Garmisch, Germany "named base" with its 72 personnel has eight distinct sites large enough to be listed in the Army's Individual Service Inventory list: Artillery Kaserne, Breitenau Skeet Range, Garmisch Family Housing, Garmish Golf Course, General Abrams Hotel And Disp, Hausberg Ski Area, Oberammergau NATO School, and Sheridan Barracks (listed in Army-15 to Army-17). These range in size from Ramstein AB with 9,188 active, guard/reserve, and civilian personnel down to Worms, which has just one civilian.

References

  1. "Department of Defense / Base Structure Report / FY 2015 Baseline"(PDF). Retrieved October 10, 2016. 
  2. Jeffrey, James (May 3, 2016). "China is building its first overseas military base in Djibouti — right next to a key US one". Public Radio International. 
  3. Feiges, Johannes (April 13, 2016). "Why China's Djibouti Presence Matters". The Diplomat. 
  4. ↑ 2nd German Air Force Training Squadron USA in Pensacola, Florida(in German). Retrieved 18 September 2016.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "Les forces françaises prépositionnées"(PDF). defense.gouv.fr. Retrieved 27 June 2016. 
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 "The Status and Location of the Military Installations of the Member States of the European Union"(PDF). Policy Department External Policies: 13–14. February 2009. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  7. Bhardwaj, AP (2010). Study Package For Clat 2nd Edition. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. pp. B–349. ISBN 0-07-107468-6. 
  8. Muhammad Ali Ehsan (May 4, 2016). "What the US stance on F-16s means for Pakistan". 
  9. "Official Website of Indian Army". 
  10. Schottli, Jivanta; Mitra, Subrata K.; Wolf, Siegried (8 May 2015). "A Political and Economic Dictionary of South Asia". Routledge – via Google Books. 
  11. "Map of Bhutan - Tourism Council of Bhutan (Official Website)". 
  12. 1 2 3 "India: Building a Sphere of Influence in the Indian Ocean? - RealClearDefense". 
  13. "'Seychelles committed to Indian naval base'". 23 December 2015 – via The Hindu. 
  14. "Asia's scramble for Africa"– via The Economist. 
  15. "India to form its first Naval Base in Seychelles to tighten vigil over Indian Ocean: Read to know more : Current Affairs". 
  16. "India activates first listening post on foreign soil: radars in Madagascar - Indian Express". 
  17. ↑ http://www.oceanuslive.org/main/viewnews.aspx?uid=00000591
  18. ↑ Djibouti: Changing Influence in the Horn’s Strategic Hub, chathamhouse.org, David Styan, April 2013 ("Having temporarily used US facilities, a Japanese base, situated close to Camp Lemonnier, opened in July 2011. Around 600 members of its Maritime Self-Defence Forces rotate between Japan’s naval vessels operating from the port of Djibouti and the camp. Naval units protecting Japanese shipping in the region had operated out of the US base prior to 2011. Japan is reported to pay an annual rent of $30 million for the facilities, similar to the sums paid for either of the far larger US and French bases. This has led to an expansion of Japan’s civilian aid programme to Djibouti, which has also become a hub for wider development activities in the Horn by the Japan International Cooperation Agency.")
  19. Lavrov, Anton (2010). "Post-war Deployment of Russian Forces in Abkhazia and South Ossetia". In Ruslan Pukhov. The Tanks of August. Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies. ISBN 978-5-9902320-1-3. 
  20. ↑ Russian task force held NVC defence competitions in the Transnistria, eng.mil.ru
  21. Fabrice Balanche (23 September 2015). "Latakia Is Assad's Achilles Heel". washingtoninstitute.org. Retrieved 25 October 2015. 
  22. "What is Turkey doing in Iraq?". 
  23. "Turkey Opens First Mideast Military Base in Qatar". 
  24. "Seeing shared threats, Turkey sets up military base in Qatar". 28 April 2016 – via Reuters. 
  25. "Turkey opens military base in Qatar - IHS Jane's 360". 
  26. "Turkey sets up first African military base in Somalia". 
  27. ↑ Construction begins on new base for the Royal Navy in Bahrain, www.gov.uk, 31 October 2015
  28. "Royal Navy's new Bahrain base seriously enhances Britain's ability to defend the Gulf". The Telegraph. 10 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  29. "National Security Strategy and Strategic Defence and Security Review 2015"(PDF). HM Government. November 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2015. 
  30. ↑ The Royal Bermuda Regiment, bermudaregiment.bm (Official website)
  31. 1 2 3 4 Permanent Joint Operating Bases (PJOBs), www.gov.uk, 12 December 2012
  32. "The British Army in Brunei". www.army.mod.uk/. Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  33. "The British Army in Canada". www.army.mod.uk/. Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  34. "The British Army in Germany". www.army.mod.uk/. Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  35. "The British Army in Africa". www.army.mod.uk/. Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  36. "British Gurkhas Nepal". www.army.mod.uk/. Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  37. Navy News (Magazine). United Kingdom: Royal Navy. June 2011. p. 11 Eastern Outpost. Retrieved 22 June 2016.  ("The White Ensign is still flying above the operations of Naval Party 1022 (NP1022), based at Sembawang Wharves in Singapore.")
  38. "UK and Qatar sign pact to combat jihadis and cyber warfare". Financial Times. 2 November 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2015. 
  39. ↑ Naval Support Activity Souda Bay, cnic.navy.mil

External links

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Countries with Indian military bases and facilities

Countries with United States military bases and facilities


Hmeimim air base in Syria's northwestern Latakia province is the headquarters of Russia’s military operations in Syria. (Ramil Sitdikov/Sputnik/AP)

In this occasional series, The Washington Post brings you up to speed on some of the biggest stories of the week. This week: Russia’s continued vulnerability in Syria.

The biggest story: Mysterious attacks on Russian military bases

A series of mysterious attacks against the main Russian military base in Syria — including one conducted by a swarm of armed miniature drones — has exposed Russia’s continued vulnerability in the country despite recent claims of victory by President Vladimir Putin.

In the most recent and unusual of the attacks, more than a dozen armed drones descended from an unknown location onto Russia’s Hmeimim air base in northwestern Latakia province. The attacks have spurred a flurry of questions over who may be responsible for what amounts to the biggest military challenge yet to Russia’s role in Syria — just as Moscow is seeking to wind its presence down.

Read the full story by Liz Sly.

Six other important stories

1. How old is too old to be a world leader?

That debate has been especially pronounced in the United States. Then-70-year-old Donald Trump and 69-year-old Hillary Clinton were the two oldest non-incumbents to ever seek the Oval Office, and now-President Trump's mental health is a frequent topic of speculation.

Adam Taylor takes a look at the global conversation about how old world leaders should be. 

Sometimes, though, it's the young children of world leaders who get their powerful parents into trouble instead.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's son faces criticism for things he said in 2015. Here are four other times a world leader's kid caused controversy. (Sarah Parnass/The Washington Post)

2. Netanyahu’s son brags about prostitutes, $20 billion deal for friend’s dad in strip-club rant

Israel's top-rated news broadcast aired a recording this week of Yair Netanyahu, the 26-year-old son of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, engaging in an embarrassing tirade. “My dad arranged $20 billion for your dad, and you’re whining with me about 400 shekels,” he says in the recording, referring to money he borrowed from a friend at a strip club. Critics blasted the deal Netanyahu referred to as a sign of corruption.

The younger Netanyahu's drunken banter is another unflattering moment for the family, which has been criticized for being too cozy with ultra-rich donors and living a lavish lifestyle at taxpayers' expense. The Israeli prime minister is already at the center of criminal investigations, writes Cleve R. Wootson Jr.

3. Threat of North Korean weapons testing lingers over talks with the South


The new year has brought some much-needed hope to the Korean Peninsula, with Pyongyang and Seoul reopening a long-dormant hotline for communication, engaging in face-to-face talks and agreeing to let North Korean athletes attend next month's Winter Olympics. But many analysts are watching for signs that Pyongyang is preparing to continue weapons testing despite the apparent detente with South Korea, according to Adam Taylor.

4. Talk to the cardboard cutout: Thai prime minister won’t be taking any more questions

Hundreds of flying foxes in the Greater Sydney area were found dead amid an extreme heat wave that struck Sydney on January 7. (Facebook/Help Save the Wildlife and Bushlands in Campbelltown via Storyful)

In a bizarre move highlighting the pressures journalists are facing worldwide, Thailand’s prime minister on Monday assigned a life-size cardboard mock-up of himself to respond to tough questions by journalists. “If you want to ask any questions on politics or conflict,” Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha reportedly said, “ask this guy.”

After installing the cut-out behind a microphone, Prayuth then walked away. Human Rights Watch, a New York-based nongovernmental organization, strongly criticized the incident Tuesday, saying that it was part of a “long list of his bizarre and bullying reactions to reporters.”

Read the full story.

5. Chinese women reveal sexual harassment, but #MeToo movement struggles for air


Sophia Huang Xueqin holds up a sign reading #MeToo in the city of Guangzhou, an image she shared on social media in November. (Sophia Huang Xueqin)

China’s #MeToo moment still hasn’t arrived, suppressed by a patriarchal culture and a male-dominated one-party state that obsessively protects those in power.

“There is still a belief in China, deeply ingrained in traditional culture, that it is a virtue of women to be submissive to the wishes of others,” women’s rights activist Ye Haiyan told The Post's Simon Denyer and Amber Ziye Wang.

You can find The Washington Post’s international coverage on our website, and on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and Snapchat.

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