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Essay About Korean Culture Club

The Korean Wave (Hangul: 한류; Hanja: 韓流; RR: Hallyu; MR: Hallyu,  listen (help·info), a neologism literally meaning "flow of Korea") is the increase in global popularity of South Korean culture since the 1990s.[2][3][4] First driven by the spread of K-dramas and K-pop across East, South and Southeast Asia during its initial stages, the Korean Wave evolved from a regional development into a global phenomenon, carried by the Internet and social media and the proliferation of K-pop music videos on YouTube.[5][6][7][8][9]

Since the turn of the 21st century, South Korea has emerged as a major exporter of popular culture and tourism, aspects which have become a significant part of its burgeoning economy. The growing popularity of Korean pop culture in many parts of the world has prompted the South Korean government to support its creative industries through subsidies and funding for start-ups, as a form of soft power and in its aim of becoming one of the world's leading exporters of culture along with Japanese and British culture, a niche that the United States has dominated for nearly a century.[10][11] During this time, the Korean society began to be recognized as developed on par with the Western world.[12]

Part of the success of the Korean Wave owes in part to the development of social networking services and online video sharing platforms, which have allowed the Korean entertainment industry to reach a sizeable overseas audience. Use of these media in facilitating promotion, distribution and consumption of various forms of Korean entertainment (and K-pop in particular) has contributed to their surge in worldwide popularity since the mid-2000s.[11][13]

The Korean Wave has became an influential global phenomenon since the start of 21st century, heavily impacting the contemporary cultures, music industry, film industry, television industry and behavioural aspects of various people throughout the world.[14][15][16][17][18]

Overview[edit]

The Korean term for the phenomenon of the Korean Wave is Hanryu (Hangul: 한류), more commonly romanized as Hallyu. The term is made of two root words; han (한/韓) roughly means "Korean", while ryu (류/流) means "flow" or "wave",[19] referring to the diffusion of Korean culture.

This term is sometimes applied differently outside of Korea; for example, overseas, Hallyu drama is used to describe Korean drama in general, but in Korea, Hallyu drama and Korean drama are taken to mean slightly different things. According to researcher Jeongmee Kim, the term Hallyu is used to refer only to dramas that have gained success overseas, or feature actors that are internationally recognised.[20]

The Korean Wave encompasses the global awareness of different aspects of South Korean culture including film and television (particularly "K-dramas"), K-pop, manhwa, the Korean language, and Korean cuisine. Some commentators also consider traditional Korean culture in its entirety to be part of the Korean Wave.[21] American political scientist Joseph Nye interprets the Korean Wave as "the growing popularity of all things Korean, from fashion and film to music and cuisine."[22]

History[edit]

Background[edit]

An early mention of Korean culture as a form of soft power can be found in the writings of Kim Gu, leader of the Korean independence movement and president of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea. Towards the end of his autobiography, he writes:

...I want our nation to be the most beautiful in the world. By this I do not mean the most powerful nation. Because I have felt the pain of being invaded by another nation, I do not want my nation to invade others. It is sufficient that our wealth makes our lives abundant; it is sufficient that our strength is able to prevent foreign invasions. The only thing that I desire in infinite quantity is the power of a noble culture. This is because the power of culture both makes us happy and gives happiness to others...

— Kim Gu, Excerpt from Baekbeomilji, March 1st, 1948

1950–1995: Foundations of cultural industry[edit]

Following the Korean War (1950–53) and the Korean Armistice Agreement signed in 1953, South Korea experienced a period of rapid economic growth known as the Miracle on the Han River.

In the film industry, screen quotas were introduced in South Korea during Park Chung-hee's presidency to restrict the number of foreign films shown in cinemas.[23] These were intended to prevent competition between domestic films and foreign blockbuster movies.[24] However, in 1986, the Motion Pictures Exporters Association of America filed a complaint to the United States Senate regarding the regulations imposed by the South Korean government,[25] which was compelled to lift the restrictions. In 1988, Twentieth Century Fox became the first American film studio to set up a distribution office in South Korea, followed by Warner Brothers (1989), Columbia (1990), and Walt Disney (1993).[26]

By 1994, Hollywood's share of the South Korean movie market had reached a peak of around 80 percent, and the local film industry's share fell to a low of 15.9 percent.[27] That year, president Kim Young-sam was advised to provide support and subsidies to Korean media production, as part of the country's export strategy.[28] According to South Korean media, the former President was urged to take note of how total revenues generated by Hollywood's Jurassic Park had surpassed the sale of 1.5 million Hyundai automobiles; with the latter a source of national pride, this comparison reportedly influenced the government's shift of focus towards culture as an exportable industry.[29] At this time, the South Korean Ministry of Culture set up a cultural industry bureau to develop its media sector, and many investors were encouraged to expand into film and media. Thus, by the end of 1995 the foundation was laid for the rise of Korean culture.[29]

1995–1999: Development of cultural industry[edit]

In July 1997, the Asian financial crisis led to heavy losses in the manufacturing sector, prompting a handful of businesses to turn to the entertainment sector.[30]

According to The New York Times, South Korea began to lift restrictions on cultural imports from its former colonial ruler Japan in 1998. With an aim of tackling an impending "onslaught" of Japanese movies, anime, manga, and J-pop, the South Korean Ministry of Culture made a request for a substantial budget increase, which allowed the creation of 300 cultural industry departments in colleges and universities nationwide.[31]

In February 1999, the first local big-budget film, Shiri, was released and became a major commercial success. It grossed over US$11 million, surpassing the Hollywood blockbuster Titanic.[32][33]

1999–2010: Korean Wave in Asia[edit]

Around this time, several Korean television dramas were broadcast in China. On November 19, 1999, one of China's state-controlled daily newspapers, the Beijing Youth Daily, published an article acknowledging the "zeal of Chinese audiences for Korean TV dramas and pop songs".[34] In February 2000, S.M. Entertainment's boy-band H.O.T. became the first modern K-pop artist to give an overseas performance, with a sold-out concert in Beijing.[35] As the volume of Korean cultural imports rapidly increased, China's State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television responded with a decision to restrict and limit the number of Korean TV dramas shown to Chinese audiences.[36]

However, several other countries in Asia were also experiencing a growth in the popularity of Korean dramas and pop songs. In 2000 in the Indian state of Manipur, where Bollywood movies were banned by separatists, consumers gradually turned their attention to Korean entertainment.[37] According to Agence France-Presse, Korean phrases were commonly heard in the schoolyards and street markets of Manipur.[38] Many Korean dramas and films were smuggled into Manipur from neighbouring Burma, in the form of CDs and DVDs.[37] Popularity in Korean products subsequently spread to other parts of Northeast India including Assam, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Mizoram and Nagaland.[39]

In 2002, following the reversal of a decades-long embargo on media between the two countries, BoA's album Listen to My Heart became the first album by a Korean musician to sell a million copies in Japan.[40][41] Following this success, other K-pop artists also ventured into the Japanese music industry as well.

At the same time that Hallyu was experiencing early success, there was an equally noticeable growth in cultural imports from Taiwan, also one of the Four Asian Tigers. The 2001 Taiwanese drama Meteor Garden (an adaptation of the Japanese shōjo manga series Boys Over Flowers) was popular over the continent: it became the most-watched drama series in Philippine television history, garnered over 10 million daily viewers in Manila alone, and catapulted the male protagonists from Taiwanese boyband F4 to overnight fame,[42][43][44] spawning a sequel and later adaptations by other networks (including Korean channel KBS in 2009.)

On June 8, 2001, Shinhwa's fourth album Hey, Come On! was released to success over Asia. The group became particularly popular in China and Taiwan.

In 2002, Winter Sonata (produced by Korean channel KBS2) became the first drama to equal the success of Meteor Garden, attracting a cult following in Asia. Sales of merchandise, including DVD sets and novels, surpassed US$3.5 million in Japan.[45] This drama marked the initial entrance of the Korean Wave in Japan.[46][47][48][49][50] In 2004, former Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi noted that the male protagonist of the drama was "more popular than I am in Japan".[51] Other Korean dramas released in subsequent years such as Dae Jang Geum (2003) and Full House (2004) saw comparable levels of success.[52]

Since 2002, television programming trends in Asia began to undergo changes as series from both South Korea and Taiwan began to fill prime time slots previously reserved for Hollywood movies.[53]

The breakthrough for K-pop came with the debuts of TVXQ (2003), SS501 (2005), Super Junior (2005), and other artists hailed by a BBC reporter as "household names in much of Asia".[54] In 2003, South Korean girl group Baby V.O.X. released a Chinese single entitled "I'm Still Loving You" and topped various music charts in China, making a huge fanbase there. Both "I'm Still Loving You" and their subsequent Korean single "What Should I Do" also charted in Thailand.

Meanwhile, the popularity of Korean television continued to spread across the continent. Reports about Asian women travelling to South Korea to find love, inspired by Korean romance dramas, began to appear in the media, including in the Washington Post.[55]

In Nepal, Bhutan and Sri Lanka, Korean dramas began to increasingly take up airtime on TV channels in these countries with Winter Sonata and Full House credited to igniting the interest in Korean pop culture in these countries. Korean fashion and hairstyles became trendy amongst youth in Nepal and led to a Korean language course boom in the country which has persisted to today. Korean cuisine experienced a surge of popularity in Nepal with more Korean eateries opening in the country throughout the early to mid 2000s. Similarly, Korean cuisine also became popular in Sri Lanka and Bhutan with Korean restaurants opening to satisfy the demand in these countries.[56][57][58][59]

By the late 2000s, many Taiwanese musicians had been superseded by their K-pop counterparts, and although a small number of groups such as F4 and Fahrenheit continued to maintain fan bases in Asia.

2010–present: Korean Wave globally[edit]

In the United States, Korean culture and K-pop has spread outwards from Korean American immigrant communities such as those in Los Angeles and New York City.[60] However, even a few years ago there was little response from American music producers; according to the chief operating officer of Mnet Media, its employees' attempt to pitch over 300 K-pop music videos to American producers and record labels was met with a lukewarm response, there being "relationships so they would be courteous, but it was not a serious conversation".[61] Similarly, attempted US debuts by artists such as BoA and Se7en failed to gain traction. They were labeled by a CNN reporter as "complete flops".[62]

Despite this, K-pop itself and Korean television (with shows such as Jumong being particularly well received by audiences in the Muslim world) have seen increasing popularity throughout the US and elsewhere, with a dedicated and growing global fanbase,[63][64][65][66] particularly after Psy's video for "Gangnam Style" went viral in 2012-13 and was the first YouTube video to reach over a billion views. The platform of YouTube was vital in the increasing international popularity of K-pop, overriding the reluctance of radio DJs to air foreign-language songs in reaching a global audience. A CNN reporter attending KCON 2012 (a popular US K-pop convention) in Irvine, California said, "If you stop anyone here and ask them how they found out about K-pop, they found it out on YouTube."[67]

In 2012, the Korean Wave was officially mentioned by both US President Barack Obama at the Hankuk University of Foreign Studies on March 26 (Full transcript at [1]) and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon at the National Assembly of South Korea on October 30 (Full transcript at un.org).

In February 2013, Peru's vice president Marisol Espinoza was interviewed by South Korea's Yonhap News Agency and welcomed the Korean Wave to Peru.[68] That month, White House officials managing First Lady of the United States Michelle Obama's Twitter account revealed that they had gathered Napa cabbage from the South Lawn to make kimchi, a traditional Korean pickled cabbage dish.[69][70] As an editor of Esquire magazine pointed out, this was considered perplexing because it "skews so far from the White House's usual fare".[71] This news came shortly after it was reported that sales of Korean cuisine at the British supermarket chain Tesco more than doubled,[72] and there were further mainstream reports of the Korean Wave in Germany and France.[73][74]

That year, Nobel Peace Prize recipient Aung San Suu Kyi made her first visit to South Korea and attended a dinner with several actors including Ahn Jae-wook, whom Suu Kyi reportedly invited because of his resemblance to her assassinated father Aung San.[75]

On February 25, 2013, South Korea's newly elected president Park Geun-hye delivered her inauguration speech, where she promised to build a nation that "becomes happier through culture," and to foster a "new cultural renaissance" that will transcend ethnicity and overcome ideologies because of its "ability to share happiness".[76] According to The Korea Times, one of Park Geun-hye's main priorities as president will be to allocate at least 2 percent of the national budget to further develop South Korea's cultural industry and to seek more cultural exchanges with North Korea.[77]

South Korea has experienced recent growth in the tourism sector, welcoming over 12 million visitors in 2013, with 6 million tourists from China alone.[78] However, that year, a state survey of 3,600 respondents from over the world found that over 66% of respondents believed that the popularity of Korean culture would "subside in the next four years".[79]

In October 2014, it was announced that CL, leader of the girl group 2NE1, would debut as a solo artist in the United States with Scooter Braun as her manager.[80] CL would eventually collaborate with popular DJ's Diplo and Skrillex, and made a surprise guest appearance at Ultra Music Festival 2015.[81]

In 2016, Forbes posted featuring articles on economic impact of global kpop stars.[82] The top act in its niche of kpop stars, BIGBANG took home $44 million in pretax earnings over the past year, easily more than the $33.5 million collected by today's highest-paid American all-male arena pop group, Maroon 5.

Korean skincare products have gained widespread popularity in Asia. Amorepacific and LG Household & Health Care have become the top two beauty companies in the Asia-Pacific region.[83] China has become the largest market for Korean cosmetics and account for 25% of China's cosmetic imports.[84] In Sri Lanka, European beauty products have largely been replaced in favour of Korean cosmetic and skincare products which have become popular because of their cheaper prices and their suitability for Asian skin.[85] Similarly, Korean products have become popular in Singapore because they meet the concerns of Asians and that they have been designed for Asian people.[86] The popularity of Kpop in Cambodia has also led to the influx of Korean beauty products into the Cambodian market.[87] Korean cosmetic and skincare products have also become popular in Thailand,[88] Malaysia,[89] and Japan[90] among other countries. Recent political issues between South Korea and China has led Amorepacific to look elsewhere and revamp its products in order to specifically target Muslim and darker-skinned women in Southeast Asia.[91] In 2017, Innisfree released a range of darker-toned cushions in order to match skin tones of Southeast Asian women.[92]

In November 2017, BTS performed their hit song "DNA" at the American Music Awards, becoming the first K-pop boy band to perform at an American awards show.[93] Afterwards, they collaborated with Steve Aoki and Rapper Desiigner to make two remixes of their song MIC Drop, aimed at the American audience.

In 2018 Holland, the first openly gay K-pop singer, debuted his first single "Neverland."[94]

Hallyu Index[edit]

State-funded trade promotion organisation KOTRA publishes an annual index measuring the reach of the Korean Wave in major countries around the world. The index is calculated by a combination of export data and public surveys. In 2015, public surveys were conducted across 8,130 people in 29 countries.[95] The results shown below indicate the greatest popularity in Asian countries, with Indonesia and Thailand experiencing the fastest growth of those.

Fan clubs[edit]

According to a 2011 survey conducted by the South Korean Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, the total number of active members of Hallyufan clubs worldwide was estimated at 3.3 million, based on statistics published by official fan clubs in regions where there are Korean Cultural Centers.[96] In the same year, the Korea Tourism Organization surveyed 12,085 fans of Hallyu and concluded that most fans were young adults, over 90% were female, and most were fans of K-pop.[97]

YearCountry/
Region
Number of
Hallyu fans
Source
2012 Belarus1,000[99]
2012 Palestine3,000[100]
2012 Israel5,000[100]
2012 Peru8,000[101]
2012 Chile20,000[101]
2012 Russia50,000[102]
2012 Mexico60,000[103]
2011 France>100,000[104]
2013 Turkey>150,000[105]
Worldwide total
YearFan clubsMembersSource
20111823.3 million[106]
20128306.0 million[107]
20139879.3 million[108]

Foreign relations[edit]

South Korea's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) has been responsible for international advocacy of Korean culture. The South Korean government is involved in the organisation of concerts such as the annual K-Pop World Festival.[109]

East Asia[edit]

China[edit]

In the past decade or so, many Chinese officials have expressed positivity towards Korean media and entertainment, including former President Hu Jintao[110][111] and former Premier Wen Jiabao, who was quoted by Xinhua News Agency as saying: "Regarding the Hallyu phenomenon, the Chinese people, especially the youth, are particularly attracted to it and the Chinese government considers the Hallyu phenomenon to be a vital contribution towards mutual cultural exchanges flowing between China and South Korea."[112]

A four-member research study led by Kang Myung-koo of Seoul National University published a controversial report in 2013 suggesting that Chinese viewers of Korean dramas were generally within the lower end of the education and income spectrum. This led to an angry response from Chinese fans of Korean television, with one group purchasing a full-page advertisement in the Chosun Ilbo to request an apology from the authors of the study.[113][114]

In August 2016, it was reported that China planned to ban Korean media broadcasts and K-pop idol promotions within the country in opposition to South Korea's defensive deployment of THAAD (Terminal High Altitude Area Defense) missiles.[115][116][117]

Japan[edit]

The Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs acknowledges that the Korean Wave in Japan has led to discussion and mutual cultural exchange between the two countries,[118] with high-profile fans of Korean television including former First Lady Miyuki Hatoyama and current First Lady Akie Abe.[119] However, remaining tension between Japan and Korea has led to instances of street protests involving hundreds of people, demonstrating against the popularity of Korean entertainment exports.[120] These protests were mostly organized by critics of Korean pop culture with the support of right-wing nationalists.[121]

Taiwan[edit]

Local broadcasting channel GTV began to broadcast Korean television dramas in the late 1990s. The shows were dubbed into Mandarin and were not marketed as foreign, which may have helped them to become widely popular during this time.[122]

Middle East & North Africa[edit]

Since the mid-2000s, Israel, Iran, Morocco and Egypt have become major consumers of Korean culture.[123][124] Following the success of Korean dramas in the Middle East & North Africa, the Korean Overseas Information Service made Winter Sonata available with Arabic subtitles on several state-run Egyptian television networks. The New York Times reported that the intent behind this was to contribute towards positive relations between Arab & Berber audiences and South Korean soldiers stationed in northern Iraq.[125]

Israel[edit]

In 2006, the Korean drama My Lovely Sam Soon was aired on Israeli cable channel Viva. Despite a lukewarm response, there followed a surge in interest in Korean television shows, and a further thirty Korean dramas were broadcast on the same channel.[126]

K-pop songs being played by the South Korean conglomerate LG at the IFA trade exhibition in Germany in 2011
K-pop fans outside the Korean Cultural Centre in Warsaw holding up a South Korean-Polish flag, as well as banners for Korean boybands MBLAQ, B1A4, and 2PM in 2011

An Indonesian girl expresses her passion for Korean culture in her essay

Mar 20, 2015

One of our readers from Indonesia, Fitri Pratiwi, submitted an essay, telling us about various aspects of Korean society and what she loves about them. Please find excerpts of her essay below.

I want to share a story about my love for Korea. It was already 10 years ago when I first learned about Korea; more precisely, in 2004 when I was still studying in elementary school. Initially I fell in love with Korean soap operas. I fell in love with every part in the drama, ranging from the story to the soundtrack. Then, when I entered high school, there were even more things that I liked about Korea. I had been learning and gathering information about Korea through various channels. I realize that the days passed so quickly, and that Korea had become an integral part in my life.

My interested was increasing. Not only the soap operas, but I wanted to know more and more about Korea overall. I wanted to learn about Korean art and Korean music which was very beautiful and which still maintained its distinctive features. I wanted to learn about Korean technology, that very secular, modern and sophisticated aspect of Korean industrialization, so different from my country. On top of all that, I was very interested in the Korean people, who were so friendly and warm. I always watched Korean reality shows on KBS World and Arirang TV. It was like screening humanity and the human condition, in a frame, combined with a travel story. I was so touched with Korean celebrities and how they spent their life full of spirit, working hard, eating healthy food and being happy.

So please find below my thoughts about everything Korean. 

Worldwide Korea Bloggers take a look around the National Museum of Korea as they are invited to a welcoming ceremony.



Korean food

For me, Korean foods were very various and very unique. I am not patient to explore the various and the unique food. While I am life I just ever to eat bibimbap and bulgogi, I hope with this event I’ll be the winner and explore much Korean food, especially Korean traditional food. Beside that I really like to see the Korean Seafood, as I know from the website and television, Korea have so much place that we can get the fresh seafood and we can test the seafood at there, like The Noryangjin Fish Market. Then, I want know more, about how the steps to make soju, how to make Korean tofu, how to make kimchi, bibimbap, tteokbokki, and others Korean food.

Korean fashion

For me, Korean fashion was become a famous icon in entire world mode, the Korean great design and quality materials become a special part in the history of mode development of the world. Started with Korean traditional clothes like hanbok that make whose people using it become pretty and look awesome, Hanbok is beautiful clothes with much various design, it looks elegant and peaceful. It same with the Korean modern clothes that become so popular in entire world.

The Korean music industry

For me, Korean music was become the world gaze since a long time. Started with Korean Pop (Kpop) up to Korean traditional music, that was get a special part in every people heart of the world. Kpop industry become the source of spirit and inspiration for many people, the creative combination of songs and dance in the Kpop performance become very perfect.

Who does not know Girls Generation? 2PM? 2AM? CN Blue? Kara? AOA? Sistar? T-Ara? Big Bang? Super Junior? Shinee? Wonder Girls? Miss A? Epik high? U-Kiss? Mblaq? Infinite? BTOB? Boyfriend? Got7? BTS? Exo? Beast? B1A4? Ailee? Lyn? Psy? Gong Yo? Roy Kim? Lee Seung Gi? Eddy Kim? Lee Ji Hoon? Kangta? Boa? Shin Hye Sung? Yoon Mi Rae? Younha? Lee Seung Chul? IU?. Of course all of the people know them. Besides of Kpop industry, Krock also get started of the others notice. I also fallen in love with Krock Band, like Royal Pirates and Jung JoonYoung. Korea actually has many great and multitalented singers, Why? Because every Korean singer started their career from the struggle to get success, they are not become an instant famous star, they must pass through the strict training process to be an success singer when they are ready to debut. I am very proud and love their hard work. I will always support them no matter what happen, I hope all of them stay healthy and make a great music. Kpop-Krock are daebak.

Korean traditional music

For me, Korean traditional music is very advanced with its improvisation and comprehension, going on and on, and continuing non-stop in every performance. The main type is Pansori, that can go on for more than eight hours with just one singer. I think that’s really terrific. It's really different from Western traditional music. A large part of Korean traditional performances start slow and then go fast. The musical instruments used in performances are made from natural materials. So, their voice is very smooth and calm. Almost all, the blow musical instruments was made from bamboo, while the pick musical instruments have string that was made from silk materials. Every people who was hearing the music instrument will being feel calm and happy.

The Korean government

For me, the support and role from government become a inseparable part from culture and civilization development of south Korea to keep going forward country. Korea give easy access for their citizens life, about the healthy, sport, public transportation, education and all of life subject. From the bottom of my heart, I am very proud with south Korean government that always active to promoted about Korean unique culture and Korean history to the entire world, especially go hand in hand with all Korean citizen to protect active with the tour area in entire south Korea. Korean government also gives easy access to all the people who was interested and want to know more about Korea with much available website in internet. The sample is Korean.net website that was become a center of Korean culture and information service.

Korean soap operas and movies

For me, Korea actually a complete country. Besides they are famous with their Korean music industry, Korean also very popular with their drama and movie industry. Everyone will fall in love with the story, the picture shoot taken, the music soundtrack, and of course the actrees and actor of the drama or movie. Started with the drama about Korean historical drama up to Korean modern life story. Who does not know Jewel in the palace? Hwang Jini? The moon that embrace the sun? The great queen seondeok? Rooftop prince? Sad movie? The thieves? Daehan minguk? Endless love? Winter sonata? Full house? Boys before flowers? Secret garden? The heirs? Emergency couple? You who came from the stars? Masters sun? Monstar? High school love on? Love n secret?. Wow, Korea really richest with great quality drama and movie. Of course all of that was supported by actress and actor that doing the hard work, great talent, and have good attitude. Who does not knowLee Min Ho? Park Shin Hye? Lee Jun Ki? Lee Dong Wook? Shin Min Ah? Jang Na Ra? Hyun Bin? Woo Bin? Go Hye Sun? Kim Sang Bum? Ahn Jae Hyun? Kim Soo Hyun? Jang Geun Suk?. They are just a little part from the Korean great actor and actress. Besides that the great producers, creative script writers, and good director become the heroes of the successful Korean drama and movie. That was the reason why Korean drama and Korean movies very lovely by everyone.

Korean sports

For me, Korean sports have developed very quickly. Korea was the successful host celeberating the Asian Games. Besides that, Korea also ever become the host of the FIFA World Cup together with Japan. Korea has many great athletes, like Park Ji Sung in soccer, Im Sung Hoon in UFC, Lee Young Dae in badminton, Kim Yuna in figure skating, etc.

Korean reality shows

For me, Korea have so much Reality Show and Television Program that give the other people happiness, besides that the also give more knowledge about healthy life and life style. The sample are, After School beauty bible, Two days and one night, Gag concert, Musik Bank, Mnet countdown, A song for you, Immortal songs, Happy together, Dream team, King of food, Human condition, The return of superman, Travel story, After school club, Simply Kpop, In frame, Entertaiment weekly, Showbiz Korea, Pops n seoul, We got married, Ulzzang generation, and much more reality show and television program that very interested. For me, that make us more happy, gives us inspiration, enjoyment, and we get stronger.

Korean nature

For me, Korean scenery is very natural, the beautiful town structuring and taken care become one of the reason why I love Korea. So much beautiful tour area in Korea, in every corner of town up to the village area. The point plus is there an easy access to the beautiful place, like the vehicles and maps. The sample is Korean park, the Korean park is a traditional park architecture, their architecture have special unique architecture. Korean park characteristic are simple, natural and not force to followed a special rules. If I compare the Korean park with Chinese and Japanese parks, I know that Korean park not imitated much complete element to showed the real scenery than at Chinese and Japan park. Korean park look little visible with the complete unsure. Korean park look very striking and simple because there always a lotus pond with pavilion building near it. The pond compare with the natural stream flow that become very beautiful to seeing. Korean Scenery make us get full of fresh for every time.

Korean festivals

For me, Korea is the best country that have much great and unique festival. The example is Fall festival, Spring festival, Chuseok festival, and etc festival that became so famous around the world.

Korea is a complete state of the various facets of life. Korea with they unique and diverse spacious culture, Korea with they language that makes me interested to learn it, Korea with the Korean people who are so friendly and unpretentious life with the beautiful smile, the Korean government are creative, innovative and dedicated to their country, Korea with they global fashion, Korean music industry, films and dramas into the world spotlight and become the biggest wave of around the world, Korea with they sophisticated technology and creative members that ease the everyone's life, Korea with they diverse and delicious food, Korea with they tourist sites that arranged, naturally and very beautiful. Korea became a magnet for everyone to be going tour and live in the beautiful land.

I cannot say anymore to describe my love of Korea. It would be very pleasant and happy if I could take a trip to Korea, to explore the unique culture and the great history for real, and visit the tourist sites that are very interesting, such as Namsan Tower, shopping at Dongdaemun market, tasting the delicious food on every street corner, spending an evening along the Hangang River, exploring the great history of Korean temples like Sudeoksa Temple, and, of course, enjoying a winter in Korea and seeing snow for the first time.

Regards,

Fitri Pratiwi

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